# Elementary Parent Math Resources

## Introduction

Recent math research has focused a great deal on developing a thorough understanding of math. There has also been a great deal of brain research on the appropriate mindset when interacting with math.  21st Century skills require all students to be able to solve real world complex problems.  In shifting towards that goal Common Core Math was developed.  In Pennsylvania we have adopted our own PA core math; however there is a great deal of overlap between both.

Each grade has their own expectations in terms of the concepts and ideas which should be mastered. We have links for your grade level with resources to help further develop your child's understanding of the topics in class.

The one thing that all grades have in common in math is the development of mathematical practice. Common core has 8 underlying principles for mathematical practice.  They are:

• Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
• Reason abstractly and quantitatively
• Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
• Model with mathematics.
• Use appropriate tools strategically.
• Attend to precision.
• Look for and make use of structure.
• Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
Our Curriculum in K-6 is based upon the Math in Focus textbook.  Math in Focus is aligned to the PA core standards and focuses on helping students develop the appropriate skills at each level as well as the principles for mathematical practice.

Math in Focus helps students develop a concrete, pictorial and abstract understanding of math.  Research has shown that students who develop mathematical connections between concrete, pictorial and abstract concepts are able to solve more complex math problems.  The National Council for Teachers of Math argue that students should develop the following mathematical connections.

Developing Math Connections

Students who are able to make all 5 connections any given area are better mathematical students.

When students are starting to understand a concept for enrichment students should not be expected to do just more of the same concept and instead students should think about being able to do the following:

1. Draw a picture explaining your solution.
2. Make a physical model using manipulatives or other objects explaining your solution.
3. Write a note to a friend explaining your solution.
4. Turn to a partner and explain your solution.
5. Create a real world problem which is similar to your problem.  Attempt to solve your problem using a different method.
All five techniques can be used on the same problem and help develop students further understanding of a math concept.

Math in Focus has at least four basic concepts.

Lessons need to link the following ideas in students heads the Concrete, Pictorial, and Abstract approaches to a mathematical concept.

Students need to be able to visualize a problem.

Students should all be engaged in thinking about problem solving.

Gradual release lesson structure - lessons should start with students learning, shift to guided practice and shift to independent practice.

Math Online Options
• Reflex Math
• Students work independently on basic math facts.  For this database you need to contact Dr. Nesbitt and ask to be invited as a teacher.  You will set up your class by selecting on your students.  Once students are in your class they can work at their own pace to work on basic math skills.
• Students log in to this by typing their teacher's username, selecting themselves in the class and using their password which is fords followed by their student number.  For example if their student number is 12345, their password would be fords12345.
• This database gives teachers and students access to their textbooks online.
• When you arrive at this site you need to select United States, Pennsylvania, Haverford Twp School District and the appropriate school.
• For a student Deb Student, with school ID 12345

## Kindergarten

Videos Provided By Math in Focus
Select Appropriate Chapter for Video

Haverford Township School District Videos to Help Students and Parents understand Math in Focus Concepts:
Counting - One to One correspondence
Composing Numbers

Other Resources:
Math Ten Frame Cards

Greg Tang Games:
How much - How many  - comparing numbers
NumTanga  - associating numbers with objects
Ten Frame Mania - associating numbers in a ten frame picture

Videos Provided By Math in Focus
Select Appropriate Chapter

Other Resources
Math Ten Frame Cards

Greg Tang Games
How much - How many  - comparing numbers
NumTanga  - associating numbers with objects
Ten Frame Mania - associating numbers in a ten frame picture
Math Limbo - addition and understanding number relationships
Coin Bubble - understanding money

Videos Provided By Math in Focus
Select Appropriate Chapter for Video

Haverford Township School District Videos to Help Students and Parents understand Math in Focus Concepts
Bar Models Part of a Whole
Bar Models Part of a Set

Greg Tang Games
How much - How many  - comparing numbers
NumTanga  - associating numbers with objects
Ten Frame Mania - associating numbers in a ten frame picture
Math Limbo - addition and understanding number relationships
Coin Bubble - understanding money
Kakooma - more complex math puzzles

Videos Provided By Math in Focus
Select Appropriate Chapter for Video

Haverford Township School District Videos to Help Students and Parents understand Math in Focus Concepts
Bar Models Multiplication
Bar Models Division
Bar Models Fractions

Greg Tang Games
How much - How many  - comparing numbers
NumTanga  - associating numbers with objects
Ten Frame Mania - associating numbers in a ten frame picture
Math Limbo - addition and understanding number relationships
Coin Bubble - understanding money
Kakooma - more complex math puzzles

Videos Provided By Math in Focus
Math in Focus Parent Video

Haverford Township School District Videos to Help Students and Parents understand Math in Focus Concepts
Bar Models Multiplication and Division
Bar Models Fractions

Greg Tang Games
How much - How many  - comparing numbers
NumTanga  - associating numbers with objects
Ten Frame Mania - associating numbers in a ten frame picture
Math Limbo - addition and understanding number relationships
Coin Bubble - understanding money
Kakooma - more complex math puzzles

Videos Provided By Math in Focus
Select Appropriate Chapter for Video

Greg Tang Games
How much - How many  - comparing numbers
NumTanga  - associating numbers with objects
Ten Frame Mania - associating numbers in a ten frame picture
Math Limbo - addition and understanding number relationships
Coin Bubble - understanding money
Kakooma - more complex math puzzles